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The Desert of Southeast Arabia

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The book takes us on a journey back in time to when Arabia was a much greener place, and it explains how global climate made it so barren. Many photos are included, taken on the ground and from the ai

9 in stock

Publisher Gulfpetro
Language ENGLISH
Publish year 2005
Pages 215 pages
ISBN 9990104891

Description

Why are such desolate and hostile places, like deserts, important to study?

Firstly, desert studies help us predict possible future changes to the environment and how to avoid damaging it. The author takes us on a journey back in time to when Arabia was a much greener place, and it explains how global climate made it so barren.

Secondly, in many parts of the world, such as Oman, Saudi Arabia, Europe’s North Sea and the United States, hydrocarbons are found in ancient dune sand reservoirs. Can we unravel the depositional and stratigraphical intricacies of these ancient gas- and oil-bearing reservoirs by studying modern deserts? The author pioneered the answer to this question with his studies of both modern deserts and the reservoirs of the Permian Rotliegend Red Beds of northwest Europe.

The book provides a different perspective to a well-known topic. Its simplicity, detailed descriptions and illustrations will undoubtedly appeal to students, desert travelers and scientists. Of great value, especially when used in conjunction with studies on the ground, are the satellite images (Landsat) seen here in spectacular colour. None of these images, however, can replace seeing the desert rocks and sediments first hand. In this book, the author shares his vast knowledge of the Arabian Desert, and exquisite collection of photos taken on the ground and from the air.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Foreward
Preface

Chapter 1
Introducing the Desert of Southeast Arabia
Arabia’s Geographical Setting

Chapter 2
Definition of a desert and distribution of modern deserts

Chapter 3
The reasons why tropical deserts exist
Monsoons

Chapter 4
The influence of high-latitude glaciations on tropical deserts

Chapter 5
The Practical value of a study of Quaternary Deserts
Marine Sediments in Deserts

Chapter 6
Desert weathering and erosion
6.1 Weathering
Dew and Chemical Corrosion
Weathering by Insolation
Exfoliation
Frost Shattering
Salt Weathering
6.2 Erosion
Erosion by Water
Deflation
Sediment transport by the wind
6.3 Desert Pavements, Ventifacts and Dreikanter

Chapter 7
Water in deserts
7.1 Rainfall
7.2 Desert river and stream channels – wadis and alluvial fans
7.2.1 Ancient Alluvial Fans
7.2.2 Exhumed Fluvial Channels
Desert Varnish
7.2.3 Recent Activity Over and Around Ancient Fluvial Fans
7.3 Desert Salts and Sabkhas
Sabkhas of the Huqf
Umm as Samim and Uruq al Mutaridah
Al Liwa
Sabkhat Matti

Chapter 8
Desert coastal sediments
The Lack of Fluvial Deltas on Desert Coastlines
The Creation of Organic Carbonate Sand
8.1 Coastal Sabkhas
8.2 Coastal Lagoons

Chapter 9
The Action of Wind in Deserts
9.1 Threshold Velocity
9.2 Saltation and Surface Creep
9.3 Aeolian Sand Accumulations
9.3.1 Wind Ripples
9.3.2 Dune Systems
Transverse and Barchan Dunes
Linear Dunes
The Wahaybah
Al Batinah Coast
Changing Wind (Directions and Strengths) with Time
9.3.3 Star dunes
9.3.5 Sand Seas
9.3.6 Aeolianite
Rain-wetted Aeolian Sands
Dikakah – Rhizoconcretions in Dune Sand
Interdune lakes
9.4 Sources of dune sand
9.5 Loess
9.6 The Colour of Dune Sand

Chapter 10
History of the Southeast Arabian Desert
10.1 Early history
10.2 Glacial and Post-Glacial Time
10.3 OSL dating
10.4 Some oddities

Chapter 11
Conclusions
Postscript
References
Glossary
About the Author

Additional information

Weight 1600 g
Publisher

Language

ENGLISH

Pages

215

Year of publication

2005

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