Hydrocarbons (petroleum and gas) result from the transformation of organic matter within sedimentary rocks. Three conditions are necessary for an hydrocarbon accumulation to be formed: the presence of a source rock in which, if present, the organic matter will be transformed; the existence of reservoir rocks in which hydrocarbons will migrate and evolve; the presence of traps in which oil and gas will be accumulated and concentrated.
This book covers the spectrum of petroleum geology from the initial sedimentology to the economic aspects of estimations of resources and reserves on a planetary scale. It includes the study of the migration of fluids in the sediment through exploration methods, the exploitation of the accumulations and the typology of oil fields.
The book is addressed to master’s degree students, petroleum exploration professionals wanting to update their know-how and knowledge skills.
Jean-Jacques Biteau is a Geologist Engineer graduate from ENSG Nancy. Retired from Total (after 40 years), last position VP Exploration 2015.
François Baudin is Professor of sedimentology and organic geochemistry at Sorbonne University.